Oct 22, The genetics in this hybrid are strong, with a THC content that regularly tests above 20%. Expect a crushing wave of blissful euphoria that. Most cannabis products sold legally in the US are required to be tested and labeled for THC and CBD content. However, when you examine a typical label. May 5, “Which one has the highest THC content,” is a question often heard by the ears of budtenders, suggesting that anything with a lower count isn't.
There are enough potential pro- cannabis votes to sway, control or even take elections. Either of the 2 parties with a realistic likelihood of forming a government would do well to get that fact.
We only have to realize that we already have the legal power and the numbers. Ignore us at risk of your political power from now open. We have the power and rights to do just that. We have to collectively realize it and actually act upon it. Or else Prohibition 2. So it costs twice as much for inferior quality. Right back to the black real market. Backfiring in their faces. Pot dealers might hang out around the kindergarden selling to kiddies.
They probably even give them their first needle to shoot up their pot. Plus the sheer hypocricy. Anti- cannabis people who complain about and panic over legalization who regularly get swaled on alcohol. Whether they want to hear it or not. The 2 things I most despise. Took one hit, walked in a store and could barely function. Potent is an understatement.
He admits it was a mistake and the new Naming Convention has already begun, in start-and-stop manner. Since etymology is the study of a history of a word and not always the precise definition, nobody is wrong here.
Sativa signifies any plant that is cultivated for its seed, there are Lettuce Sativas, Carrot Sativas and so on. By extension, there are Indica-Sativas and Ruderalis-Sativas. So Sativa is simply a placeholder word until we come up with a new one. During the expected big Naming Convention look up the phrase on wiki , we can add several other types other than the big three, since clearly there are more sub-species than those three.
I also think we need a new name for Ruderalis, since all Cannabis technically is a Fire Ephemeral, being a C4 plant that occupies niches created when some events like fires or frosts create a deserted space. I know this because I grow native plants and they keep changing the Latin names of the damn things. For info on how plants get named: Actually, there are 4 main types of weed Sativa, Indica, Hybrid, Ruderalis. The guy who came up with Sativa for Cannabis has called for an official Naming Convention to come up with new nomens for our strains.
There are quite a few more than Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis. Tried most of the others but for my purposes and taste the two strains I mentioned are about as good as it gets. Great, sweet strawberry hints with banana undertones. Great Sativa to start the day with. Gets u happy and lifted, yet alert and focused! Top 3 strains for sure! That Kosher Kush is my fave!
Magnolia, as have a number of other resposible cannabis people, pulled the product from the shelf. I am quite positive that it is in all our interests to honor the trade mark—without being sued. Please help spread the word. Um… You DO realize that there are quite a few different strains out there that have been branded with names that certain people could easily cry copyright infringement over, not just Girl Scout Cookies.
Copyright, by the way, is a little different than trademark, but the point is that as responsible members of the cannabis community we should not be knowingly violating these two rights. Yeah, That would be great. Plenty of others to choose from. Those and GSC are three I try to keep on hand.
Sweet Tooth is fucking sweet. I smoked some Maui Wowie in Hawaii in and to this day have not smoked anything better. It was actually a gold colour and the buds were sticky with the resin on them. I tried maui wowie in Serramonte, Cali close to San Francisco in Definitely one of the best pot I had.
Very potent for my glaucoma. It was when my glaucoma just started and I was diagnosed with it by an opthalmologist. My viewing glasses grade went from 1. Sometimes it gets wattery and my eyeball hurts occasionally. Nada, nein, nope, no strains in the review available in SF Bay Area? With all the superb growers in the area? GSC is the only strain that will allow my husband to rest all night with no interference from his Restless Legs.
We tried a lot of different strains and GS is the one to go to for him. If your husband has restless legs a real simple cure that works and also sounds ridiculous is putting any bar of soap under a corner under the sheets of your bed.
I know several people that have tried it and it works on everyone of them including my cousin who has spinal stenosis. You want it under the bottom sheet but still on the top-side of the bed.
Possibly the loudest smell I have encountered, kind of a skunky chemical funk, but quite yummy. I hope to see it enter the regular rotation at the clone and flower markets. Between Sour Diesel and Purple Haze, which is more potent also why is Purple Haze the talk of all strains if it isnt even the strongest? Holy Grail kush is the only bud to ever get a perfect score at the cannabis cup… Kinda speaks volumes. I think white gold and king Kong are both really good. I think king Kong is just about as good as gorilla glue.
Both of these absolutely crush the numbers mentioned above on other strains, all potency tests are officially signed by a doctor and a scientist, so you tell me if these two belong on the list of the worlds strongest strains. For millennia, Cannabis has been cultivated for medicinal, recreational, and industrial purposes 1. Despite mounting evidence for the legitimate medical utility of cannabis products and their principal psychoactive constituents 2 , 3 , they remain classified as Schedule I controlled substances by the U.
Nonetheless, public opinion on legal cannabis has changed dramatically in recent years 4 and a majority of U. This dynamic legal landscape has given rise to a rapidly growing legal cannabis industry that offers a wide variety of products to consumers.
Because the core product of this burgeoning industry contains multiple compounds with psychoactive and medicinal properties 7 , it is imperative that the major biochemical constituents of cannabis are accurately quantified, and the results made accessible to consumers. Because recreational cannabis products may differ substantially from cannabis grown for federally-sanctioned research 8 or found on the black market 9 , there is a particular need to study the commercial cannabis being consumed today by millions of adults in states allowing legal adult-use consumption.
The adoption of universal industry testing standards will be crucial for comparing data across the many existing testing laboratories. However, standardized procedures have yet to be adopted, and controversy exists about whether all laboratories are accurately measuring and reporting cannabinoid content Most of these labs were not established quality control labs with a track record of testing food or pharmaceutical products, but rather started specifically to focus on cannabis products.
At present, there is limited published data 8 on the content of commercial cannabis products in the U. Reliable testing data will also shed light on questions important to consumers and regulators, such as whether cannabinoid levels are changing over time or differ systematically between commercial products.
This dataset comprises hundreds of thousands of measurements of the principal cannabinoids in commercial cannabis, including tetrahydrocannabinol THC and cannabidiol CBD. These measurements are available for commercial products tested across all state-licensed laboratories since , which allowed us to assess the cannabinoid composition of commercial products between laboratories, over time, and across strains.
Cannabis likely evolved in Central Asia, and landraces native to regions including Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and China 11 have been found to fall into three general chemotypes based on genetically-constrained THC: CBD ratios 12 , Consistent with previous work in landraces and commercial Dutch Cannabis 13 , 14 , we found that commercial Cannabis grown in Washington also conforms to this pattern Fig. While studying the chemotype landscape of these commercial samples, we observed striking differences in THC: CBD distributions across laboratories for both flower Fig.
This prompted us to examine interlab differences in more detail. In particular, we wished to assess whether this variation stemmed from intrinsic e. CBD ratio defines three broad chemotypes of commercial cannabis flower measured by testing labs in Washington. Scatterplots of total THC vs.
Histograms showing the THC: CBD ratio on a log scale and indicating the proportion of flower samples for each chemotype. To compare cannabinoid measurements across labs, we looked at distributions of total THC and CBD levels for the six largest laboratories by data volume for different chemotypes and product categories.
For example, the median total THC content for chemotype I flower products ranged from To quantify the magnitude of differences between labs, we calculated the effect sizes of pairwise differences using two metrics: Black lines denote median values, which are printed below the x-axis for each lab.
Effect size matrices displaying the effect size of pairwise differences in distributions between labs. Calculating effect sizes allows a more intuitive assessment of the magnitude of interlab differences, especially when very large sample sizes allow even trivial differences between means to reach statistical significance. The common language effect size CL for this comparison was 0. This may be explained by differences in laboratory protocols.
Alternatively, interlab differences may be driven by labs receiving distinct sets of cannabis products for testing. To investigate potential determinants of interlab differences, we quantified the average cannabinoid levels reported by each lab after accounting for strain name, the producer-processor submitting samples for testing, and time of measurement see Methods.
Four separate regression models were estimated: Differences were observed for both flower Fig. Predicted values were generated from fixed-effects regressions with cluster-robust standard errors see Methods.
Overall, these results suggest that the observed differences between laboratories cannot be explained by differences in the producers, product types, or strain names of the samples being processed by each lab. The shape of these distributions varied somewhat across labs, likely due to methodological differences determining their Limit of Quantification LOQ.
Similar to what we observed in the THC: Labs differ in the propensity to detect low levels of CBD in chemotype I flower. Most labs show a local maximum near 0. There were dramatic differences between labs Fig. Lab F, Mann-Whitney U test. The analyses so far indicate that cannabinoid inflation and differences in the ability of labs to detect low-level cannabinoids both contribute to systematic differences in their reported measurements.
While modern commercial strains contain higher THC levels than recreational cannabis from past decades 17 , 18 , it is unclear whether THC levels have continued climbing since Washington permitted adult-use cannabis. Thus, we looked for potential changes in the total THC content of commercial products in recent years. Thus, we quantified cannabinoid levels over time, separately for different subsets of laboratories: While there was an upward trend from to early , mean THC levels appear to have largely plateaued, with modest fluctuations since Fig.
Median THC levels for chemotype I flower rose from to but changed only slightly between and This was true whether we looked at the three LTR labs Fig. After , the effect sizes for year-to-year comparisons were small Fig. We were also interested in whether concentrates have increased in THC levels since , as these products contain a much higher THC concentration.
Thus, we conclude that, since , there has not been a substantial increase in mean THC levels for commercial flower and concentrate products in Washington. Recreational consumers and popular educational resources often attribute distinctive psychoactive effects to indica and sativa strains 21 , while scholars tend to be more skeptical of these claims 20 , In landraces, accessions from indica strains have been associated with more THC than sativas 13 but indica and sativa recreational products sold in the Netherlands had similar THC content We matched test results using their producer-given strain name from the I dataset to the Leafly.
This matching process yielded , flower results for analysis: While hybrids had higher mean levels of THC compared to indicas and sativas, the distributions of THC content among indicas, sativas, and hybrids overlapped considerably Fig. To further quantify differences in THC content, we estimated a bivariate regression model of THC on strain category across all labs.
The model indicates that hybrid strains have modestly greater THC content, on average, than either indica or sativa strains Fig. The difference in THC between sativa and indica could not be distinguished from sampling variability sativa vs indica: An analogous test for variability in CBD content across strain categories among chemotype 2 and chemotype 3 flower yielded similar results Fig. Importantly, the above results are sensitive to laboratory measurements.
Data from most labs reflect the general pattern of hybrids having somewhat higher THC than indica and sativa, which are very similar. While commercial flower products fall into one of three chemotypes based on their THC: CBD ratios varied within and between the popular commercial strain names that flower samples are given. Because the strain names of flower products submitted for laboratory testing are simply given by the producer-processor, they do not guarantee the true identity of the strain.
In fact, personal correspondence with industry professionals indicated that we should expect flower samples submitted for testing to be mislabeled to some extent, perhaps due to business motives driving products to be given certain strain names based purely on their popularity and hence potential market value.
To visualize differences between samples based on their popular commercial strain names, we plotted the THC: This revealed clear differences in the THC: CBD ratios of samples labeled with different strain names. Moreover, multi-modal distributions were apparent for many strains, with peaks sometimes at drastically different THC: Thus, for subsequent analyses, we quantified data before and after filtering by modal chemotype.
THC-to-CBD ratios plotted on a logarithmic scale for cannabis flower samples across twenty-three popular commercial strain names for the single lab Lab A reporting the lowest a and the single lab Lab F reporting the highest b overall THC levels for cannabis flower. To formalize how well colloquial strain names capture variation in THC: CBD profiles, we estimated a series of multilevel models with random intercepts for each strain 24 to estimate the share of the total variation in the logged THC: CBD ratio explained by the strain name, before and after filtering by modal chemotype.
This information is contained in the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient ICC , a measure of similarity within-groups calculated as the ratio of the within-strain variance to the total variance see Methods. When using tail values, results with zero reported CBD were coerced to a ratio of 3. These values correspond approximately to the most extreme values observed in the data see Fig. Results shown for the lab reporting the lowest mean THC levels. Across all labs, the pre-filtered strain ICC was 0.
After filtering, the ICCs increase, respectively, to about 0. This overall test conceals significant variation between labs. In general, a large portion of the variation in THC: CBD ratio was attributable to strain name. Labs varied substantially in the proportion of zero CBD test results, and, consequently, the ICC was more sensitive to the handling of missing data for those labs.
Given these observations, we compared total THC and CBD levels across strains only after filtering data by laboratory and modal chemotype. Traditional smoking methods that directly ignite flower are a different story. These factors will naturally influence the nature of your experience. You want to know the theoretical maximum percent dry weight value for the THC content of your product. The same logic applies to CBD. This is the theoretical maximum amount of THC present in your product.
The real amount of THC available for your consumption will probably be lower than this number. Estimating exactly how much lower is tricky because, as we explored, it depends on the details of your consumption method.
So, to decarboxylate for edibles etc, you want lower and slower temperature to retain the medicine. How low and how slow? This is for migraines and fibromyalgia, so I want to make sure to keep the cbd.
There are many protocols for decarboxylation, some better than others, but the one I use which is very memorable is for The ratio of THC to CBD is what the United Nations — and their single convention on drug control — as the recommended method for distinguishing drug type from fiber type cannabis. The ratio of THC to CBD had no business in forensics and is a useless ratio when chooosing a strain for medicinal purposes. What would be very useful is a strain fingerprint — including all the cannabinoids and terpenes present in every strain being sold.
My question and thoughts exactly. In dispensaries are they more specific? Or is that a waste of time and money? Perhaps this is because the decarboxylation occurs when THCA is gaseous.
It took me years and years to stop smoking cigarettes. For this reason i prefer edibles. At what temperature should i cook my bud and for how long? I will be very grateful to anyone offering answers to this question Thanks for your help…. Have a nice day. There are several issues embedded in your question.
One is decarboxylation which I give a recipe for above. As I recall, the more you cook it the more you extract. However, at some point there are diminishing returns.
What Are the Strongest Cannabis Strains?
Marijuana potency, as detected in confiscated samples, has steadily increased over the past few decades. In the early s, the average THC content in. Mar 14, We observed differences in reported values of both THC and CBD (Fig. 2). For example, the median total THC content for chemotype I flower. Apr 20, THC content varies widely among marijuana strains and among products made from cannabis. Even with edibles, customers may not.