AP Human Geography Vocab Chapter 9| Quiz A CBD-Functional Zonation A region defined by the particular set of activities of interactions that occur within it. Start studying Chapter 13 AP Human Geography Practice Test **Answers**. Learn vocabulary D) the CBD is the focus of the city's social, commercial and civic life .. E) all of the above are examples of a functional specialization. E) all of the. AP Human Geography Chapter Urban Patterns Test. Let us write you a As a result of high land costs, the American CBD is characterized by In the United States, which of the following definitions of a city covers the largest land area?.
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Consumer services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health and leisure services. Economic base A community's collection of basic industries. Enclosure movement The process of consolidating small landholding into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th century.
Gravity model Holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the range of the service.
Nonbasic industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community. Primate city The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Primate city rule A pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement. Public services Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and business.
Range of a service The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service. Threshold The minimum number of people needed to support a service. Annexation Legally adding land area to a city in the United States. Census tract An area delineated by the U. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published, in urban areas, census tract correspond roughly to neighborhoods.
Central business district CBD The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered. Concentric zone model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
Core base statistical area CBSA In the United States, the combination of all metropolitan statistical areas and micropolitan statistical areas. Council of goverment A cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governments in a metropolitan area in the United states. Density gradient The change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery. Edge city A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area. Filtering A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment.
Food desert An area in a developed country where healthy food is difficult to obtain. Gentrification A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income. Greenbelt A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
Megalopolis A continuous urban complex in the northeastern United States. Multiple nuclei model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities. Peripheral model A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
Primary census statistical area PCSA In the United States, all of the combined statistical areas plus all of the remaining metropolitan statistical areas and micropolitan statistical areas. Redlining A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries. Rush hour The four consecutive minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
Sector model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiation out from the CBD. Smart growth Legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland.
Social area analysis Statistical analysis used to identify where people of similar living standards, ethnic background, and lifestyle live within an urban area. B allows lower income families to remain in their homes through public subsidies.
C occurs because lower income families are no longer attracted to deteriorated housing. D all of the above E none of the above Answer: A process of converting a neighborhood from low-income to middle-class is. Compared to whites, African Americans in U.
To deal with the financial problems in some areas of the cities, American city governments. Compared to the United Kingdom, the amount of sprawl in the United States is. Because so few people live in the CBD, urban areas are characterized by a high degree of. The process of legally adding land area to a city in the United States is. In the United States, which of the following definitions of a city covers the largest land area? Public transportation is better suited for commuting to the CBD primarily because.
People are attracted to suburbs in part because suburbs are characterized by. Compared to the private automobile, public transportation offers more. Public transit is more extensive in Western European cities than in the United States primarily because. The attractions of shopping malls include all but which of the following?
Some employees of suburban businesses may suffer hardships because they do not. In the United States, a city plus its surrounding built-up suburbs is known as. A central city and its contiguous built-up suburbs is called a metropolitan statistical area. According to Louis Wirth, cities differ from rural areas in being larger, more dense, and more socially homogeneous. The basic building block for MSAs is the county, because of the ease of obtaining data.
Most urban residents in the United States live in central cities rather than suburbs. Land is more intensively used in the center of the city than elsewhere. Public housing comprises a large percentage of housing in the United Kingdom but only a small percentage in the United States. The density gradient in American and European cities is getting flatter.
Relatively wealthy individuals live in the center of most cities in the world outside of North America. Suburban sprawl has resulted in the loss of most of the prime agricultural land in the United States.
Cities in less developed countries have eliminated most signs of European colonial rule. While public transportation ridership has declined in the United States, a number of cities have invested in new public transportation systems.
The three models of urban structure help to explain where people live in U. Urban population worldwide is projected to exceed rural settlement population for the first time in
AP Human Geography Models & Theories (not necessarily comprehensive! the CBD; 2) the transition zone of mixed residential, factory, and commercial use;. AP® HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. SCORING CBD growth: central business district emerged and expanded the lives of most students taking the exam. January 20, /in AP Human Geography /by emmacalderwood possess a spine of high-quality housing extending from the central business district. London, Paris, and Buenos Aires are examples of primate cities.